Mechanical Engineering


B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate course and is one of the most sought-after degree courses in engineering stream. The eligibility to take admission in this course is 10+2 pass or equivalent. Admission process for the same is generally entrance-exam based.

JEE Main, BITSAT, COMEDK, UPSEE, VITEEE, SRMJEEE are some such entrance exams conducted for admission to various Mechanical Engineering colleges. Mechanical Engineering is the oldest branch of engineering.

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering is the branch of engineering that involves production, designing, and operations of machines. The course objective of mechanical engineering is to prepare students for applying the principles of mechanical engineering for designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems.

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: Course Highlights

Course Level Undergraduate
Duration 4 years (5 years in case of dual degree)
Examination Type Semester system
Eligibility 10+2 or equivalent
Admission Process Counselling after taking entrance test or direct admission
Course Fee INR 77,000 /- per year (as per RTU fees)
Average Starting salary INR 2.5 Lacs to 7 Lacs
Top recruiting companies L&T, Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors and others such

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: What is it About?


First thing any engineering aspirant considers while choosing a branch in Engineering is placement aspect and the course very well caters to it. A few questions which arise when admissions to engineering colleges commence include the branch in demand, highest paid engineering graduates and others such. Apart from this palcement criteria, there are some other parameters which should be considered while choosing a discipline like- what are the research opportunities, what is scope of career growth etc.

Mechanical Engineering is the evergreen branch of engineering. Market scenario and demand of engineering graduates change every year but the demand of mechanical engineering degree will never be obsolete. Mechanical engineering graduates can find placements in almost every sector, right from construction sector to steel industry and from automobile to software.

Following are the sub disciplines that are associated with mechanical engineering:

Admission Process


There are about 4300 engineering colleges in India. Admission to most of the engineering institutes is done on the basis of one of the several entrance tests conducted at national and state level. Some private institutes also conduct their own entrance test. However, some institutes also offer direct admission on the basis of merit in qualifying exam or on the basis of management quota.

10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) is the basic requirement to take admission in any BE/B.Tech program. Percentage required in qualifying exam is 50% for most of the engineering institutes. For some top prestigious institutes like IITs, NITs or BITS the percentage criteria extends to 60%.

Following is the criteria for admission through different modes

Direct Admission- Engineering institutes which offer direct admission have certain criteria for admission. Either they offer admission on the basis of merit in qualifying exam i.e. 10+2 or equivalent or there are some management seats reserved in private engineering colleges. For management quota the fee structure is generally higher than others.

Direct Admission for Diploma holders- Various engineering colleges in India also offer direct admission to ITI diploma holders in second year of the course.

Entrance Exams- There are several entrance exams in India at national and state level. Some private institutes like SRM University, BITS Pilani, VIT University etc conduct their separate entrance test.

Career Prospects


Mechanical Engineering has always been the most prefered branch of engineering. Career opportunities in Mechanical Engineering have also been immense since its inception. Mechanical Engineering jobs are easily available in both private and public sectors. In fact, public sector is the most preferred sector for mechanical engineers.

Different Roles for Mechanical Engineers


Research and Development (R&D): This is the most prestigious sector for mechanical engineers. Some public sectors offer handsome salary.

Design: Design engineering is based on CAD tool. This is the most promising sector for mechanical engineers nowadays

Production: This is the most common job for mechanical engineers. Also it is the most sought after jobs in India for mechanical engineers

Analysis and testing: This is also a new trending job along with design. In this job you have to test the products. Quality control is also the part of it

Installation: This is also basic plant job for mechanical engineers. In this part machines are installed in the plant under the supervision of engineers

Maintenance: Maintenance job is related with maintenance of machines using different tools of mechanical engineering.

Private Sector


In private sector, mechanical engineering jobs are available in Chemical and pharmaceuticals industry, Oil and gas industry, Automobile industry, Power and energy industry, Construction industry, Aerospace industry, Thermal plants and gas turbine manufacturers, Air conditioning and refrigeration industry and Shipping industry.

Following are some top companies that offer placements to graduates of mechanical engineering degree.

Companies Average Annual CTC
Maruti Suzuki Rs 645,000 - Rs 1,459,000
Larsen and Toubro Ltd Rs 383,806 - Rs 636,000
Tata Motors Rs 584,615 - Rs 801,869
Infosys Rs 335,730 - Rs 764,240
TCS Rs 350,000 - Rs 900,000

Public Sector


Following public sectors recruit mechanical engineers

PSU Eligibility Pay Scale Selection Criteria
Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL) Minimum 65% marks in Bachelor degree for Gen/OBC and 60% for SC/ST 24900-50500 GATE + GD + Interview
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) Minimum 60% marks in BE/ B.Tech 20,600 – 46,500 GATE + GD + Interview
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) Minimum 60% aggregate for General/OBC and 50% aggregate for SC/ST/PWD candidates in BE/ B.Tech. 24900-50500 GATE + GD +Interview + Psychometric Test
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) Minimum 60% for Engg/ Science subjects 24900-50500 Written + Interview
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) Bachelor’s degree in engineering/ technology with minimum 65% marks 9 Lakhs per annum GATE + Interview
Coal India Limited (CIL) Minimum 60% marks in BE/ B.Tech 20600-46500 Written + Interview
National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) Minimum 65% marks in BE/ B.Tech for General/OBC Candidates and 55% marks for SC/ST/PWD Candidates 24900-50500 GATE + Interview
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) Minimum 60% marks in BE/ B.Tech for General/OBC Candidates and 50% marks for SC/ST/PWD Candidates 16,400 – 40,500 GATE + GD + Interview
National Aluminium Company Ltd. (NALCO) Minimum 65% marks in BE/ B.Tech for General/OBC Candidates and 55% marks for SC/ST/PWD Candidates 16,400 – 40,500 GATE + GD + Interview
Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) Minimum 60% marks in BE/ B.Tech 20600-46500 Written + Interview